IEA Pocket Charts
Panel 11

Panel 11
Primary Financing

Chart-specific notes (footnotes to series names)

1. Includes mobile home credit starting in 1971 4th qtr.
2. Excludes mobile home credit starting in 1971 4th qtr.
3. Flow-of-Funds Basis -- includes government retirement credits to households
5. Primary borrowing is net borrowing which finances GNP expenditure

IVA: Inventory Valuation Adjustment
CCA: Capital Consumption Allowance

See the derivation of the Primary Borrowing series.

General notes

This is one of 20 regular and a dozen periodic chart panels taken as a sample from the final issue -- December 1979 -- of the initial series of IEA Pocket Charts. The compact and analytically advanced economic charts feature the following analytical features:

  1. "Flat horizontal" presentation, as growth rates or ratios to GDP -- to facilitate comparisons of different time periods and series
  2. Fluctuations shaded to "normal" lines -- made possible by such presentation
  3. Smoothing -- quarterly centered moving averages to eliminate "zig-zag noise"
  4. Economic conditions displayed for context as vertical bands or lines (see Economic Fluctuations Viewed in Growth Perspective for definitions of these terms), clearly illustrated in chart Panel 1:

A full guide to the presentation and analytical features of the charts -- an understanding of which is necessary for making full analytical use of the charts -- is available at How to Read IEA Charts.

Printing is best done in landscape mode. For portrait mode, use a 75% size factor.

Posted: December 22, 1998
Revised: May 31, 2009
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