IEA Pocket Charts
Panel A-2 (left)

Panel A-2   (left)
GNP Cumulation -- Income Side (% of GNP)
(for further explanation, see the main Panel A-2 page; see also the right side of this panel)

Chart-specific notes (footnotes to series names)

Ratios to GNP are calculated in current-$ values. Although it would be preferable to use Capacity GNP (as is done on the expenditure side, shown in Panel A-1), actual GNP is used on the income side because there is as yet no satisfactory way to allocate the GNP Gap (A-1.17) to the various incomes.

10. Includes post office, local utilities, and other government enterprises.
11. Includes Business Transfers and Statistical Discrepancy, less Net Subsidy of Government Enterprises.
12. Income and social security taxes are not included here because there is as yet no satisfactory way to allocate them among the various income groups.
13. Mainly state and local government sales and property taxes.
14. With capital consumption adjustment.
15. These income concepts exclude capital gains from appreciation in the value of business inventories, capital equipment, housing, land and corporate stock.

General notes

This is one of 20 regular and a dozen periodic chart panels taken as a sample from the final issue -- December 1979 -- of the initial series of IEA Pocket Charts. The compact and analytically advanced economic charts feature the following analytical features:

  1. "Flat horizontal" presentation, as growth rates or ratios to GDP -- to facilitate comparisons of different time periods and series
  2. Fluctuations shaded to "normal" lines -- made possible by such presentation
  3. Smoothing -- quarterly centered moving averages to eliminate "zig-zag noise"
  4. Economic conditions displayed for context as vertical bands or lines (see Economic Fluctuations Viewed in Growth Perspective for definitions of these terms), clearly illustrated in chart Panel 1:

A full guide to the presentation and analytical features of the charts -- an understanding of which is necessary for making full analytical use of the charts -- is available at How to Read IEA Charts.

Posted: January 14, 1999
Revised: May 19, 2009
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